List of Antibiotics

Up-to-date comprehensive list of antibiotics by classes with generic and most common trade names.

New Antibiotics

Class Generic/Brand
Lipopeptides Daptomycin (Cubicin®), 2003
Fluoroquinolone Delafloxacin (Baxdela®), 2017
Lipoglycopeptides Telavancin (Vibativ®), 2009
Cephalosporin
(5th generation)
Ceftaroline (Teflaro®), 2010
Macrocyclics Fidaxomicin (Dificid®), 2011

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-Lactam Antibiotics

Beta-lactam class of antibiotics includes penicillins, cephalosporins, monobactams, and carbapenems, all of which contain a β-lactam ring.

Penicillins

Antibiotics of the penicillin class are bactericidal and work by inhibiting the synthesis of bacterial cell walls. Penicillins are among the safest antibiotics.

Major health concerns: hypersensitivity reactions.

Generic Brand Name
Amoxicillin Amoxil, Polymox, Trimox, Wymox
Ampicillin Omnipen, Polycillin, Polycillin-N, Principen, Totacillin
Bacampicillin Spectrobid
Carbenicillin Geocillin, Geopen
Cloxacillin Cloxapen
Dicloxacillin Dynapen, Dycill, Pathocil
Flucloxacillin Flopen, Floxapen, Staphcillin
Mezlocillin Mezlin
Nafcillin Nafcil, Nallpen, Unipen
Oxacillin Bactocill, Prostaphlin
Penicillin G Bicillin L-A,
Crysticillin 300 A.S., Pentids, Permapen, Pfizerpen, Pfizerpen-AS, Wycillin
Penicillin V Beepen-VK, Betapen-VK, Ledercillin VK, V-Cillin K
Piperacillin Pipracil
Pivampicillin  
Pivmecillinam  
Ticarcillin Ticar


Cephalosporins

Cephalosporins are mainly bactericidal and act by inhibiting the synthesis of the peptidoglycan layer of bacterial cell walls. Besides true cephalosporins (which are derived from cephalosporin C) this class includes oxacephems and carbacephems.

Major health concerns: platelet function abnormalities (rare).

Generic Brand Name
First Generation
Cefacetrile (cephacetrile) Celospor, Celtol, Cristacef
Cefadroxil (cefadroxyl) Duricef, Ultracef
Cefalexin (cephalexin) Keflex, Keftab
Cefaloglycin (cephaloglycin) Kefglycin
Cefalonium (cephalonium)  
Cefaloridine (cephaloradine)  
Cefalotin (cephalothin) Keflin
Cefapirin (cephapirin) Cefadyl
Cefatrizine  
Cefazaflur  
Cefazedone  
Cefazolin (cephazolin) Ancef, Kefzol
Cefradine (cephradine) Velosef
Cefroxadine  
Ceftezole  
Second Generation
Cefaclor Ceclor, Ceclor CD, Distaclor, Keflor, Ranicor
Cefamandole Mandol
Cefmetazole  
Cefonicid Monocid
Cefotetan Cefotan
Cefoxitin Mefoxin
Cefprozil (cefproxil) Cefzil
Cefuroxime Ceftin, Kefurox, Zinacef, Zinnat
Cefuzonam  
Third Generation
Cefcapene  
Cefdaloxime  
Cefdinir Omnicef, Cefdiel
Cefditoren Spectracef
Cefetamet  
Cefixime Suprax
Cefmenoxime Cefmax
Cefodizime  
Cefotaxime Claforan
Cefpimizole  
Cefpodoxime Vantin
Cefteram  
Ceftibuten Cedax
Ceftiofur Excede
Ceftiolene  
Ceftizoxime Cefizox
Ceftriaxone Rocephin
Cefoperazone Cefobid
Ceftazidime Ceptaz, Fortum, Fortaz, Tazicef, Tazidime
Fourth Generation
Cefclidine  
Cefepime Maxipime
Cefluprenam  
Cefoselis  
Cefozopran  
Cefpirome Cefrom
Cefquinome  
Fifth Generation
Ceftobiprole Zeftera
Ceftaroline Teflaro
Not Classified
Cefaclomezine  
Cefaloram  
Cefaparole  
Cefcanel  
Cefedrolor  
Cefempidone  
Cefetrizole  
Cefivitril  
Cefmatilen  
Cefmepidium  
Cefovecin  
Cefoxazole  
Cefrotil  
Cefsumide  
Cefuracetime  
Ceftioxide  
Combinations
Ceftazidime/Avibactam Avycaz
Ceftolozane/Tazobactam Zerbaxa


Monobactams

Generic Brand Name
Aztreonam Azactam, Cayston


Carbapenems

Carbapenems have incredibly broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity. Today these agents are among the most powerful antibiotics.

Generic Brand Name
Imipenem,
Imipenem/cilastatin
Primaxin
Doripenem Doribax
Ertapenem Invanz
Meropenem Merrem
Meropenem/vaborbactam Vabomere®


Macrolide Antibiotics

Macrolides are bacteriostatic drugs that inhibit protein synthesis by targeting the 50S subunit.

Major health concerns: erythromycin estolate is hepatotoxic.

Generic Brand Name
Azithromycin Zithromax
Erythromycin  
Clarithromycin Biaxin
Dirithromycin Dynabac
Roxithromycin Rulid, Surlid
Ketolides
Telithromycin Ketek


Lincosamides

Generic Brand Name
Clindamycin Cleocin
Lincomycin Lincocin


Streptogramins

Generic Brand Name
Pristinamycin Pyostacine
Quinupristin/dalfopristin Synercid


Aminoglycoside Antibiotics

Aminoglycosides are rapidly bactericidal antibiotics which inhibit protein synthesis. These agents mainly interfere with proofreading process. Aminoglycosides are the only bactericidal class among protein synthesis inhibitors.

Major health concerns: ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity.

Generic Brand Name
Amikacin Amikin
Gentamicin Garamycin, G-Mycin, Jenamicin
Kanamycin Kantrex
Neomycin Mycifradin, Myciguent
Netilmicin Netromycin
Paromomycin  
Streptomycin  
Tobramycin Nebcin


Quinolone Antibiotics

Fluoroquinolones directly inhibit the bacterial nucleic acid synthesis.

Major health concerns: QTc prolongation and/or torsade de pointes, tendonitis, tendon rupture, joint arthropathies.

Generic Brand Name
First Generation
Flumequine Flubactin
Nalidixic acid NegGam, Wintomylon
Oxolinic acid Uroxin
Piromidic acid Panacid
Pipemidic acid Dolcol
Rosoxacin Eradacil
Second Generation
Ciprofloxacin Cipro, Cipro XR, Ciprobay, Ciproxin
Enoxacin Enroxil, Penetrex
Lomefloxacin Maxaquin
Nadifloxacin Acuatim, Nadoxin, Nadixa
Norfloxacin Lexinor, Noroxin, Quinabic, Janacin
Ofloxacin Floxin, Oxaldin, Tarivid
Pefloxacin Peflacine
Rufloxacin Uroflox
Third Generation
Balofloxacin Baloxin
Gatifloxacin Tequin, Zymar
Grepafloxacin Raxar
Levofloxacin Cravit, Levaquin
Moxifloxacin Avelox, Vigamox
Pazufloxacin Pasil, Pazucross
Sparfloxacin Zagam
Temafloxacin Omniflox
Tosufloxacin Ozex, Tosacin
Fourth Generation
Besifloxacin Besivance
Delafloxacin Baxdela®
Clinafloxacin  
Gemifloxacin Factive
Prulifloxacin Quisnon
Sitafloxacin Gracevit
Trovafloxacin Trovan


Sulfonamides

Sulfonamides act by inhibiting the pathway that bacteria use to synthesize folic acid. Sulfonamides with trimethoprim produce synergistic antibacterial activity.

Major health concerns: hypersensitivity reactions, renal damage, crystal nephropathy.

Generic Brand Name
Sulfamethizole Thiosulfil Forte
Sulfamethoxazole Gantanol, Urobak
Sulfisoxazole Gantrisin
Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Bactrim, Bactrim DS, Cotrim, Cotrim DS, Septra, Septra DS, Sulfatrim, Sulfatrim-DS


Tetracycline Antibiotics

Tetracyclines are protein synthesis inhibitors primary targeting the 30S ribosome. They are essentially bacteriostatic.

Major health concerns: photosensitivity, deposition in developing bones and teeth.

Generic Brand Name
Demeclocycline Declomycin
Doxycycline Doryx, Vibramycin
Minocycline Dynacin, Minocin, Monodox
Oxytetracycline Terramycin
Tetracycline Achromycin
Glycylcyclines
Tigecycline Tygacil


Other Antibiotics

Generic Brand Name
Chloramphenicol Chloromycetin
Metronidazole Flagyl, Helidac, Metizol, Metric 21, Neo-Metric, Noritate, Novonidazol
Tinidazole Tindamax
Nitrofurantoin Furadantin, Macrobid, Macrodantin
Glycopeptides
Vancomycin Vancocin
Teicoplanin Targocid
Lipoglycopeptides
Telavancin Vibativ
Oxazolidinones
Linezolid Zyvox
Cycloserine 2 Seromycin
Rifamycins
Rifampin Rifadin
Rifabutin Mycobutin
Rifapentine Priftin
Rifalazil  
Polypeptides
Bacitracin Baciguent
Polymyxin B  
Tuberactinomycins
Viomycin  
Capreomycin  

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Last updated: September 12, 2017

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